3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase

Mutations in the HSD3B2 gene cause 3β-HSD deficiency. The HSD3B2 gene provides instructions for making the 3β-HSD enzyme. This enzyme is found in the gonads and adrenal glands . The 3β-HSD enzyme is involved in the production of many hormones, including cortisol , aldosterone , androgens, and estrogen. Cortisol has numerous functions such as maintaining energy and blood sugar levels, protecting the body from stress, and suppressing inflammation. Aldosterone is sometimes called the salt-retaining hormone because it regulates the amount of salt retained by the kidney. The retention of salt affects fluid levels and blood pressure. Androgens and estrogen are essential for normal sexual development and reproduction.

Like the other forms of CAH, suspicion of severe 3β-HSD CAH is usually raised by the appearance of the genitalia at birth or by development of a salt-wasting crisis in the first month of life. The diagnosis is usually confirmed by the distinctive pattern of adrenal steroids: elevated pregnenolone, 17α-hydroxypregnenolone, DHEA, and renin. In clinical circumstances this form of CAH has sometimes been difficult to distinguish from the more common 21-hydroxylase deficient CAH because of the 17OHP elevation, or from simple premature adrenarche because of the DHEA elevation.

      Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a metabolic disorder related to enzymatic defects in the biosynthesis of cortical steroids. Typically the defects are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, and within a particular family all inherit the same enzyme deficiency (1).

This entry describes 2 <p> This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p> <a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'> More...</a> </p> isoforms i produced by alternative splicing . Align Add to basket Added to basket

3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase

3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase

This entry describes 2 <p> This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p> <a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'> More...</a> </p> isoforms i produced by alternative splicing . Align Add to basket Added to basket

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