In truth, anabolic steroids can in fact be held accountable for certain amount of criminal activity, especially if the act involves violence. When you boost the testosterone levels in your body through artificaial means you are not allowing your body to produce its own testosterone. In this case, the hormonal imbalance can cause unnecessary aggression. Sometimes this roid rage is important because it helps increase the competitive spirit in the user; however, it can have certain side effects such as prolonged rage even after the competitive environment ceases to exist . There can also be some amount of depression as the body recuperates.
* Those people who are suffering from alcohol induced anxiety or withdrawal induced anxiety are likely to find that these symptoms disappear once they enter recovery.
* There are many medications available that can effectively treat general anxiety disorder. A physician will be able to determine the most appropriate treatment.
* Cognitive behavioral therapy has proved highly effective in the treatment of anxiety. The individual learns to spot the patterns of thinking that are causing their problems and develops strategies for coping better.
Laws and Penalties: Concerns over growing illegal AAS abuse by teenagers, and many of the just discussed long-term effects, led Congress in 1991 to place the whole AAS class of drugs into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Under this legislation, AAS are defined as any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to T (other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids) that promotes muscle growth. The possession or sale of AAS without a valid prescription is illegal. Since 1991, simple possession of illegally obtained AAS carry a maximum penalty of one year in prison and a minimum $1,000 fine if this is an individual’s first drug offense. The maximum penalty for trafficking (selling or possessing enough to be suspected of selling) is five years in prison and a fine of $250,000 if this is the individual’s first felony drug offense. If this is the second felony drug offense, the maximum period of imprisonment and the maximum fine both double. While the above listed penalties are for federal offenses, individual states have also implemented fines and penalties for illegal use of AAS. State executive offices have also recognized the seriousness of AAS abuse and other drugs of abuse in schools. For example, the State of Virginia enacted a law that will allow student drug testing as a legitimate school drug prevention program (48, 49).